Biobased Economy

The ‘biobased economy’ obtains its raw materials from living nature – bioenergy as opposed to fossil fuels. Crops and residues from agriculture and food industry are being used as “green resources” for the production of:

  • materials
  • chemicals
  • heat
  • energy
  • fuel

The biobased economy provides economic opportunities. It contributes to energy independence and reduces the environmental impact.

What is a Biobased Economy?

The European Commission describes a biobased economy as follows:

an economy that integrates the full range of natural and renewable biological resources – land and sea resources and biological materials (plant, animal and microbial) – and the processing and consumption of these bio-resources.

The biobased economy encompasses agriculture, forestry, fisheries, food and biotechnology and industrial sectors, ranging from the production of energy carriers and chemicals to buildings and transport.

To ensure that a biobased economy is sustainable, we identify three basic principles:

  1. Use renewable resources which are available today for the needs of today
  2. Use every part of the biomass
  3. Use the most valuable parts of the biomass for the most added value products

See the powerpoint  presentation “Introduction biofuels for transportation Trends, market actors, opportunities and challenges” by Emiel Hanekamp (March 2015)

More about our services: Sustainable Bioenergy



Agroforestry is an essential part of the Biobased Economy. Agroforestry is a land use management system in which trees are grown around or among crops or pastureland. It combines agricultural and forestry technologies to create more diverse, productive, profitable, healthy, and sustainable land-use systems.

The number of forest area is still decreasing worldwide. Combining forestry and agriculture has great advantages for both the farmer and the ecosystem. Trees not only offer protection for crops and cattle, but they produce wood, oil or fruits and prevent soil erosion.

More about our services: Agroforestry


Read more  about opportunities en threats for biogas in Mozambique.

Read more about research on green energy technologies in Uganda.